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Zoology Syllabus PPSC Exam

Updated on: Mar 4, 2013
Section A

1. Biodiversity (Invertebrate & Vertrtebrates)
  • Protozoans structure and function of Paramecium and Plasmodium.
  • Canal System in Porifera.
  • Polymorphism among Coelentrates.
  • Types of Coelom and larval forms among Annelids.
  • Structure and life history of Pila and Jepia.
  • Structure and life history of Mosquito, Cockrocach, Honeuy bee and Termite.
  • Structure and life history of Branchiostma and Herdmania.
  • Pisces : Habitat, scales, locomotion and migration.
  • Origin of Amphibia and Reptilia.
  • Aves : origin,flight and migration.
  • Mammalia : Origin,egg laying mammals,aquatic mammals and primates.
  • Comparative functional anatomy of Integument, Respiration, Circulatory and Excretory system.
2. Ecology and Ethology
  • Biosphere : Biogeochemical cycles, green-house effect, ozone layer and its impact, ecological succession, biomes and ecotones.
  • Population characteristics, Population dynamics, population stabilization.
  • Conservation of natural resources, mineral mining, fisheries, aquaculture, forestry, grassland, wildlife (Major Conservation Projects): sustainable production in agriculture-integrated pest management.
  • Environmental biodegradation, Pollution and its impact on biosphere and its prevention.
  • Behaviour: Sensory filtering, responsiveness, sign stimuli, learning instinct, habituation, conditioning and imprinting.
  • Orientation, navigation, homing, Biological rhythms, biological clock, tidal, seasonal and circadian rhythms.
Section B

4. Evolution and Systemetics
  • Natural selection, role of mutation in evolution, mimicry, variation, isolation, speciation.
  • Fossils and fossilization, evolution of elephant and man.
  • Hardy-Weinberg Law, causes of change in gene frequency.
  • Continental drift and distribution of animals.
  • Zoological nomenclature, international code, cladistics.
5. Biostatistics & Instumentation
  • Designing of experiments, null hypothesis, correlation, regression, distribution and measure of central tendency,
  • Chi-Square, student t-test, F-test (one-way & two-way F-test).
  • Spectrophotometry, flame photometry, Geiger-Muller counter, scintiliation counter.
  • Electron microscopy (TEM,SEM).
Section C

5. Genetics and Cell Biology
  • Structure and function of organelles ( plasma, membrane, nucleus, mitochondria, golgi bodies, endoplasmic reticulum, ribosomes microbodies lysosomes), cell division mitosis and meosis.
  • Watson-Crick model of DNA, replication of DNA, protein synthesis, transcription and transcription factors.
  • Cloning technology, plasmids and plasmids as vectors, transgenics, transposons, DNA sequence cloning and whole animal cloning ( principles and methodology).
  • Regulation and gene expression in pro-and eukaryotes.
  • Signal transduction, pedigree-analysis, congenital diseases in man.
  • Human genome DNA finger-printing.
6. Biochemistry and Mammalian Physiology
  • Structure and role of carbohydrates, fats, lipids, proteins, amino acids, Nucleic acids, saturated and unsaturated fatty acids, cholesterol.
  • Glycolysis and Krebs cycle,oxidation and reduction,oxidation.
  • Phosphorylation,energy conservation and release,ATP, cyclic AMP-its structure and role.
  • Enzymes : types and mechanisms of action, immunoglobulins and immunity, vitamins and co-enzymes.
  • Bioenergetics.
  • Composition and constituents of blood, bloodgroups and Rh factor In man, coagulation factors and mechanism of coagulation, acid base Balance, thermo regulation.
  • Oxygen and carbon dioxide transport, haemoglobin: constituents and role in regulation.
  • Nutritive requirements, role of salivary glands, liver, pancreas and Intestinal glands in digestion and absorption.
  • Excretory products, nephron and regulation of urine formation Osmoregulation.
  • Types of muscles, mechanism of contraction of striated muscle.
  • Neuron, nerve impulse its conduction and synaptic transmission, Neurotransmitters.
  • Vision, hearing and olfaction in man.
  • Mechanism of hormone action.
  • Physiology of reproduction-role of hormones and pheromones.
Section D

7. Developmental Biology
  • Differentiation from gamete to neurula stage, dedifferentiation, metaplasia, induction, morphogenesis and morphogen, fate maps Of gastrulae in frog and chick, organogenesis of eye and heart, Placentation in mammals.
  • Role of cytoplasm in genetic control of development, cell lineage, Causation of metamorphosis in frog and insects, paedogenesis and neotony, growth/degrowth and cell death, ageing, blastogenesis, Regeneration ,teratogenesis, neoplasia.
  • Invasivness of placenta, in vitro fertilization, embryo transfer, cloning.
  • Baer¬ís law, evo-devo concept.
8. Economic Zoology
  • Apiculture/sericulture/lac culture,carp culture, pearl culture/prawn culture.
  • Major infectious and communicable diseases (small pox/plague/Malaria/tuberculosis/cholera and AIDS)their vectors/pathogens and prevention.
  • Cattle and livestock diseases, their pathogens(helminthes) and Vectors (ticks/mites, Tabanus, Stomoxys)
  • Pests of sugarcane (Pyrilla perpusiella), stored grain pests (Trogoderma granarium-khapra beetle, Collosobruchus analis-mung dhora)
  • Humoral and cellular immune-response dichotomy , B-Lymphocyte, humoral antibodies structure and function, antibody diversity, antigens/physical and chemical properties of antigens, compliment fixation vaccines, hyperimmune serum/t-lymphocytes (types), Cellular immune-response/self and nonself host-compatibility antigen. Cellular interactions in immunity, macrophages/ significance of AIDS virus, immune surveillance and cancer.
Note : The Examiners shall set eight questions, two question from each section. The candidates are required to attempt 5 questions in all , selecting at least one question from each section. All questions carry equal marks.
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