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Public Administration: PPSC Exam Syllabus

Updated on: Mar 4, 2013
Paper I

Administrative theory

Section A

   1. Introduction : Meaning, scope and significance of Public Administration. Evolution development and present status of the discipline and profession of public administration. Concepts of New Public Administration and New Public Management. Features of Entrepreneurial Government. Good Governance: concept and application.
   2. Theories of Administration : Nature and typologies; Scientific Management (Taylor and the Scientific Management Movement), Classical Theory (Fayol, Urwick, Gulick and others), Bureaucratic Theory. (Marxist view, Weber’s model and its critique, post-Weberian developments.) Ideas of Mary Parker Follett and (Chester I.Barnard) Human Relations School (Elton Mayo and and others). Behavioral Approach to Organizational Analysis. Participative Management; (McGregor, Likert and others). The Systems Approach; Open and closed systems.
   3. Structure of public organisations : Typologies of Political Executive and their functions. Forms of public organizations - Ministries and Departments: Corporations; Companies, Boards and Commissions; Ad hoc and Advisory bodies. Headquarters and field relationship.
   4. Administrative Behaviour : Decision making with special reference to Herbert A. Simon, Theories of Leadership, Communication, Morale, Motivation (Maslow and Herzberg)
   5. Accountability and Control : Concepts of Accountability and Control; Legislative Executive and Judicial Control over Administration, Citizen and Administration, Role of civil society, people’s participation, Right to information. Administrative corruption, machinery for redressal of citizens’ grievances. Citizens Charter.
   6. Administrative Law : Meaning and significance. Delegated Legislation: Types; Advantages, Limitations, Safeguards, Administrative Tribunals: limitations and methods of ensuring effectiveness.

Section B

   7. Administrative Reforms : Meaning, process and obstacles, Techniques of administrative improvement: O and M; Work Study and Work Management, Information Technology.
   8. Comparative Public Administration : Meaning, nature and scope, Models of Comparative Public Administration: Bureaucratic and ecological.
   9. Development Administration : Origin and purpose, Rigg’s Prismatic-Sala Model; Bureaucracy and Development; Changing profile of Development Administration; new directions in people’s self development and empowerment: Self Help Groups.
 10. Public Policy : Relevance of Policy making in Public Administration. Model of Policy-making Sectoral policies (e.g. Energy, Industries Education and Transport Policies) Process of Policy formulation, Problems of implementation feed-back and evaluation.
  11. Personnel Administration : Objectives of Personnel Administration. Importance of human resource development. Recruitment, training, career development, position classification, discipline, Performance Appraisal, Promotion, Salary structure and Service Conditions, employer-employee relations, grievance redressal mechanism. Integrity and Code of Conduct.
  12. Financial administration : Monetary and fiscal policies. Resource mobilisation - tax and non-tax sources. Public borrowings and public debt. Concepts and types of budget. Preparation and execution of the budget. Deficit financing. Legislative control, Accounts and Audit.

Paper II

Indian Administration

Section A

   1. Evolution of Indian Administration Kautilya, Mughal period, British legacy.
   2. Constitutional framework value premises of the Constitution, parliamentary democracy, federalism, Planning. Human Rights: National Human Rights Commission.
   3. Union Government and Administration President, Prime Minister, Council of Ministers, Cabinet committees, Cabinet Secretariat, Prime Minister’s Office, Central Secretariat, Ministries and Departments, Advisory Bodies, Boards and Commissions, Field Organizations.
   4. State Government and Administration Governor, Chief Minister, Ministers, Council of Ministers, Chief Ministers office, Chief Secretary, State Secretariat and Directorates.
   5. District Administration Changing role of the Deputy Commissioner. Law and Order and Development Management. Relationship with functional departments. Role and functions of the Sub-Divisional Officer.
   6. Local Government : Constitutional status of Rural and Urban local government - Their Structures, Functions, finances and other problem areas. Major rural and urban development programmes and their management. Public Sector: Forms of public undertaking. Their contribution to the economy; problems of autonomy and accountability. Changing role of the Public Sector in the context of liberalisation.

Section B

   1. Public Services :
All India Services Constitutional position, role land functions, Central Services - nature and functions, state services; nature and functions. Public Service Commissions. Training in the changing context of governance.
   2. Control of Public Expenditure. Parliamentary control. Estimates Committee, Public Accounts Committee, Committee on Public Undertakings, Office of the Comptroller and Auditor General of India, Role of the Finance Ministry in monetary and fiscal policy area, co-ordination and economy in expenditure.
   3. Administrative Reforms : Reforms since independence. Reports of the Administrative Reforms Commission, Problems of implementation.
   4. Machinery for Planning : Role, composition and review of functions of the Planning Commission; Role of the National Development Council, Punjab State planning board; composition, functions and role. Process of Plan formulation at Union and State levels Relations of local governments with state government and district administration. Decentralized planning.
   5. Administration of Law and Order : Role of Central and State Agencies in maintenance of law and order. Criminalisation of politics and administration.
   6. Welfare Administration : Machinery for welfare administration at the national and state levels. Central Social Welfare Board and Punjab Social Welfare Board. Special organizations for the welfare of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes. Welfare Programms for women and children. Problems of child labour. Role of NGDs.
   7. Major issues in Indian Administration : problems of Center-State Relations; Relationship between political and permanent Executives. Values in Public Service and Administrative Culture. Lok Pal and Lok Ayuktas. Development and environmental issues. Impact of information Technology on Public Administration. Indian Administration and Globalisation.
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